Grapes are becoming a popular garden item for many home owners and are a fun plant to grow and care for. Once a successful grapevine is established it can last for over forty years. The success of a grapevine heavily relies on the choices of the home gardener. Just like any other plant in your garden, it takes careful attention to specifics for grapes to grow healthy and plentiful. Grapes require a great deal of proper care which will result in a champion harvest and a happy gardener. One of the most important steps to take in growing grapes is a pest management plan that is followed on a regular basis.
Pest Inspection Checklist
An important step to take is regular inspection of your grapevines. Becoming familiar with insect identification will assist you in knowing what pests are harmful to your garden and its plants. Timely inspections of your grapes and good cultivating practices will help to reduce the need for insecticide application. Using an insecticide is usually an option taken when nothing else has worked to rid harmful pests from grapes; however in some cases, it is the only option that will completely remove those harmful pests and save your grapevines from being destroyed. Grapes have many pest enemies and early detection and control is paramount for their health and growth. Also important is research to address new and emerging pest threats to vineyards that will hopefully find successful ways to combat them.
Grape Flea Beetle Larvae
There are a variety of insects that can harm grapevines and ruin the hard work a gardener has put in to grow a successful grapevine. The grape flea beetle is an insect that during the winter time hides itself under soil or the wood crevices that are weaved in or around grapevines. They emerge in the early spring to feed on grape buds, mate and lay eggs. Their larvae appear in about two weeks and they then begin feeding on leaves. Adult beetles will emerge in late July and feed on the grapevine leaves. The grape flea beetle causes the most damage when they feed on the buds. This prevents the buds from developing into shoots, which will result in the unfortunate result of a decreased grape yield.
Western Grapeleaf Skeletonizer Moth Larvae
Recently an adult western grapeleaf skeletonizer, was discovered in a vineyard trap on Tubbs Lane in Calistoga. The Napa County Agricultural Department is asking both professional growers and gardeners to watch for all larval stages of this grape destroying moth. All larval life stages are insatiable feeders that cause extensive damage to grape leaves and grapevines. Excessive feeding can even damage the grapes and lead to secondary fungal damage and rot of grape clusters.
Grape Berry Moth Larvae
The grape berry moth is another pest that can destroy any hope of a healthy grape yield and frustrate any gardener. The larvae of the grape berry moth is what causes the most damage to the grape as it feeds directly on the grape berry. Even more damaging is the fact that this larvae can act as an early entry point for diseases. This fact emphasizes the importance of thorough and regular grapevine inspections. If you suspect your grapevines have been invaded by an aggressive insect, call a professional to assist you in eliminating them from your garden. Source Pest Control will remove insects from your Temecula and Murrieta garden, ensuring that your grapes grow strong and healthy this season.